# Getting The How Bitcoins Are Made To Work

Let's say you had one legit \$20 and one really good photocopy of that same \$20. If someone were to attempt to spend both the real bill and the fake one, someone that took the trouble of looking at either of the invoices' serial numbers would observe that they were exactly the same number, and consequently one of them had to be false.

This isn't a great analogy--we'll explain in more detail below. .

Once a miner has confirmed 1 MB (megabyte) worth of Bitcoin transactions, they are entitled to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was set by Satoshi Nakamoto, and can be a matter of controversy, as some miners think the block size should be increased to accommodate more data.

Note that I stated that verifying 1 MB value of transactions makes a miner eligible to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who supports transactions will receive paid off.

1MB of transactions can theoretically be as little as 1 transaction (though this is not in any way common) or a few thousand. It depends on how much information the transactions consume.

In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to meet two conditions. One is a matter of work, one is a matter of luck.

2) You have to be the first miner to arrive at the perfect answer to a numeric problem. This process is also known as an evidence of work.

The good news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You might have heard that miners are solving difficult mathematical problems--that's not true in any way. What they're actually doing is trying to be the first miner to come up with a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash")  which is less than or equal to the target hash.

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The bad news: Because it's guesswork, you need a lot of computing power in order to get there first. To mine , you need to have a high"hash speed," which is quantified in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).

If you want to estimate just how much Bitcoin you could mine along with your mining rig's hash pace, the site Cryptocompare offers a very helpful calculator.

Either a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These try this web-site can run from \$500 to the tens of thousands.  Some miners--especially Ethereum miners--buy individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a cheap way to cobble together mining operations.  The photo below is a makeshift, high-tech mining machine.  The graphics cards are such rectangular blocks with whirring circles.  Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the pictures cards to the metal rod.

ExampleI tell three friends that I'm thinking about a number between 1 and 100, and I write that number on a sheet of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't have to guess the exact number, they simply must be the very first person to figure any number that is less than or equal to this number I am thinking of.

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Let's say I am thinking of the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21, they shed because 21>19. If Friend B supposes 16 and Friend C supposes 12, then they have both technically came at workable answers, because 16<19 and 12<19. There's no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was nearer to the target answer of 19. .

In Bitcoin conditions, simultaneous answers happen frequently, but in the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented that are equivalent to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will determine by a simple majority--51 percent --that miner to honour. Typically, it is the miner that has done the most work, i.e.

The losing block then becomes an"orphan block." .

Now imagine that I pose the"figure what number I am thinking of" question, but I'm not asking just 3 friends, and I'm not thinking of a number between 1 and 100. Instead, I'm asking millions of would-be miners and I'm thinking of a 64-digit hexadecimal number. Now you see that it's going to be extremely difficult to guess the right answer.

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The number above has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand up to now. As you likely noticed, that number consists not just of numbers, but also letters of this alphabet. Why is that

In advice order to understand these letters are doing in the center of numbers, let's unpack the term"hexadecimal."

As you knowwe utilize the"decimal" system, which means it's base 10. This in turn means that each and every digit has 10 possibilities, 0-9.